In the box below, you will find examples of references and in-text citations for each source. Select the type of article you are citing using the tabs.
In-text citation examples shown are for paraphrases and summaries (Author-Date pattern). When citing a direct quote, you will also need to include either a page number or paragraph number (Author-Date-# pattern). Visit the In-Text Citations tab to the left for more information!
If your journal, magazine or newspaper article has more than one author, click here.
If your journal, magazine, or newspaper article is missing an author, date, or title, click here.
Please note that according to APA formatting rules, references are double spaced in the References list (see rule 6.22 in the Publication Manual). Due to space limitations, examples of APA references provided below are single spaced.
NOTE: When creating the "Access" segment of the References list citation for journals that do not have DOI numbers, you have the option of ending the citation with the URL for the home page of the journal OR the "Permalink" provided by the database vendor for the article.
View this "Answer" for more information about constructing a reference for a Nursing Reference Center article.