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APA 6th Edition Guide


The purpose of an abstract is to provide a reader with a short summary of a written work.  Generally, it is one paragraph ranging from 150 to 250 words.  A well written abstract should be:

  • Accurate
  • Nonevaluative
  • Coherent and readable
  • Concise

An abstract begins on its own page and is placed immediately after the cover page and before the text of the paper. 

For more information, visit our abstracts answer.

Example of an Abstract

Appendices and Supplemental Materials

What is an appendix?:

  • A section at the end of a paper that includes information that is too detailed for the text of the paper itself and would "burden the reader" or be "distracting," or "inappropriate" (APA, 2010, p. 38-9).
  • The content in the appendices should be "easily presented in print format" (APA, 2010, p. 39).
    • Examples:
      • lists of length (short lists belong in the paper itself)
      • detailed descriptions (essential details should be in the paper itself)
      • a list of articles that support data but are not referred to in the paper itself
      • demographic details for subpopulations studied by the paper

Placement of the Appendix in an APA Paper

  • The appendices section, if there is one, is close to the last section of your APA-style paper:
    • title page
    • abstract
    • text
    • references
    • tables 
    • figures
    • appendices
    • footnotes (APA, 2010, p. 229-230).

Formatting Appendices:

  • You may have more than one appendix
  • Each appendix should deal with a separate topic
  • Each appendix must be referred to by name (aka Appendix A) in the text of the paper
  • Each appendix must be labeled with a letter (A, B, C, etc.) according to where it appears in the paper.
      • The first appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix A
      • The second appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix B
      • If there is only one appendix, it is just called Appendix
  • Each appendix must have a title
  • Begin each appendix on a separate page
  • Place the label and title of each appendix at the top of the page, centered, using normal capitalization. Label first, title second.
  • Begin the first paragraph of text flush on the left margin; indent the first line of subsequent paragraphs by 1/2 inch.
  • Text is typed in Times New Roman (12 pt.) and is double spaced
  • If your appendices include tables or figures, treat them as they would be treated in the main text.
    • For more information on tables and figures and how to include them, see the attachment at the bottom of
    • Exception to the rule: add the letter of the appendix (A, B, C, etc.) to the figure or table number (e.g., Table B3 would be the third table in Appendix B).
  • If your appendices use information from an outside source, cite it parenthetically within the text of the appendix and include the reference in the main reference list for the paper (do not create a separate reference list).

Example of an Appendix