In-text Citations appear in the body of your paper to let your reader know that you are citing a resource. In-text citations are generally very short and don't contain a lot of information.
If your reader wants to learn more about the resource you cited or wants to locate the resource on their own, then they will look at the references list to locate the additional information. This is why each in-text citation needs to have a matching reference and each reference needs to have a matching in-text citation. The reference provides the full citation information and the in-text citation shows exactly where you used the resource in your paper.
In order for your reader to easily locate which in-text citation belongs to which references list citation, the in-text citation will match the first two elements in the reference:
(Webb & Jones, 2009)
Webb, S. J., & Jones, E. J. H. (2009). Early identification of autism: Early characteristics, onset of symptoms, and diagnostic stability. Infants & Young Children, 22(2), 100-118.
Remember - There are two places you need to cite your sources:
Welcome to the References page of the APA Guide! You can find examples of both in-text and reference list citations by exploring the tabs to the left or clicking the links below. Simply click on the resource type that you need help with.
For more information about writing, please visit Writing Guide.
There are many criteria that can be used to determine whether or not information from a source is credible. Some of the most important criteria are listed below. A handy set of tools and steps to verify the accuracy and credibility of resources is the SCRAAP test.
Care Taken / Indicators of Quality
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