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Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: Inclusion

Diversity and Inclusion Matrix

Implicit Bias

"Unconscious bias (or implicit bias) is often defined as prejudice or unsupported judgments in favor of or against one thing, person, or group as compared to another, in a way that is usually considered unfair. Many researchers suggest that unconscious bias occurs automatically as the brain makes quick judgments based on past experiences and background. As a result of unconscious biases, certain people benefit and other people are penalized. In contrast, deliberate prejudices are defined as conscious bias (or explicit bias). Although we all have biases, many unconscious biases tend to be exhibited toward minority groups based on factors such as class, gender, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, nationality, religious beliefs, age, disability and more (Unconscious bias, n.d., para. 17).


Unconscious bias: Foundational definition. (n.d.) Equity, Diversity, Inclusion. Vanderbilt University.

Strategies to Mitigate Unconscious Bias 

  • Learn as much as possible about unconscious bias...and ways to combat it
  • Tell your story...and listen to the stories of others
  • Avoid stereotypes and over-generalizations
  • Separate feelings from facts
  • Have a diverse group of people around the decision-making table
  • Engage in self-reflection to uncover personal biases
  • Develop safe and brave spaces to discuss unconscious bias
  • Be an active ally
  • Don't expect a quick fix
  • Practice empathy

Harvard University's Project Implicit is a non-profit organization and international collaboration between researchers who are interested in implicit social cognition - thoughts and feelings outside of conscious awareness and control. The goal of the organization is to educate the public about hidden biases and to provide a “virtual laboratory” for collecting data on the Internet.

Take an implicit bias test to discover your implicit biases.

Use this slide deck and the Project Implicit resources to learn more about individual implicit bias.


"Intersectionality refers to the ways race, class, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, ability, status and other markers of differences intersect to inform individual realities and lived experiences. Intersectionality recognizes that individuals and groups are shaped by multiple and intersecting identities. These identities often inform an individual’s world view, perspective and relationship to others in society" (Mason, C. N., n.d., p.5).


Mason, C. N. (n.d.). Leading at the intersections: An introduction to the intersectional approach model for policy and social change. Women of Color Policy Network.

TEDTalk: Kimberle Crenshaw - The Urgency of Intersectionality



TEDTalks: Janet Stovall - How to get serious about diversity and inclusion in the workplace. 

Resources: Inclusion in the Workplace


Web Resources: Inclusive Education

Diversity and Inclusion: Assessments

The resources linked below provide an opportunity for participants to self-assess and begin a dialog about inclusion in their educational institution.