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Writing Guide

Annotated Bibliography, Abstract, & Appendices

What's an annotated bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is the full citation of a source followed by notes and commentary about a source. The word “annotate” means “critical or explanatory notes” and the word “bibliography” means “a list of sources”.  Annotations are meant to be critical in addition to being descriptive. Annotated bibliographies are useful because they present a list of resources that others can use for research, and each resource has information that describes what is in it and that evaluates it (describes what makes it unique, useful, or helpful).

Take a look at the Annotated Bibliography page of the APA Guide for more information. In the APA Guide you will find a short video explaining the process, anatomy of an annotated bibliography, formatting guidelines, and examples. 


 
Watch the short video below for instructions on how to navigate the Annotated Bibliographies, Abstracts, & Appendices page:
 

What's an abstract?

The purpose of an abstract is to provide a reader with a short summary of a written work. Generally, it is one paragraph ranging from 150 to 250 words.  A well written abstract should be accurate, nonevaluative, readable, and concise.

Take a look at the Abstracts and Appendices page of the APA Guide for more information. In the APA Guide you will find the anatomy of an abstract, formatting guidelines, along with examples. 

What are appendices?

An appendix is a section at the end of a paper that includes information that is too detailed for the text of the paper itself and would "burden the reader" or be "distracting," or "inappropriate" (APA, 2010, p. 38-9).‚Äč 

Take a look at the Abstracts and Appendices page of the APA Guide for more information. In the APA Guide you will find the anatomy of an appendix, formatting guidelines, along with examples. 

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Resources for Annotated Bibliographies, Abstracts, & Appendices

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Paper Review (Brainfuse Writing Lab)

The Writing Lab Rubric

Use this rubric as a first step to self-assess your assignment.  After determining which column you think best describes your work, use the resources to the right to improve your work.  Refer back to it each time you feel you are near completion of the assignment to help you stay on track.  This is also the same rubric that the Writing Lab staff will use to provide feedback and resources suggestions.

Video: How to use the Rubric 

Submit to the Writing Lab (in Brainfuse)

Writing is a process. It helps to have feedback from others as you go through that process.  You can submit your work for review to the Writing Lab. Just make sure you have time before your submission deadline (it takes 24-48 hours).  Here's the process:

      After using the rubric to self-assess where you're at in terms of your assignment and you've made changes using the resources provided, you can opt to submit your assignment to the Writing Lab in Brainfuse for feedback and suggestions.  Once you're logged into Brainfuse, click on the Writing Lab. How to use the Writing Lab.

Using the Writing Lab

  1. Choose the file you'd like to submit.
  2. Add any comments about the assignment that would be helpful the reviewer to know.
  3. Upload your assignment and click Submit.
  4. In 24-48 hours, go back into the Message Center in Brainfuse and find your reviewed paper.  You may find suggested specific resources for you, one of which may be a tutor appointment.  How to make an appointment with a tutor
  5. Revise your paper using the resources suggested.  If you have any questions, make an appointment with the tutor using Tutor Match  How to make an appointment with a tutor
  6. After you have made your revisions, use the rubric again to self-assess.  At that point, you may feel your assignment is ready to submit to your instructor.  If that is the case, do so. If you think your assignment needs more work, you may resubmit your assignment to the   How do I use the Writing Lab?
  7. When you feel your assignment is ready for submission to your instructor, submit it using the assignment drop box within your course
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