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APA Guide

About Citing Other Sources

In the box below, you will find examples of references and in-text citations for each source. Select the type of source you are citing using the tabs. 

In-text citation examples shown are for paraphrases and summaries (Author-Date pattern). When citing a direct quote, you will also need to include either a page number or paragraph number (Author-Date-# pattern). Visit the In-Text Citations tab to the left for more information!


  1. ‚ÄčIn-text citations are located within the text of your paper and references are located in the references page at the end of your paper.
  2. References use a hanging indent. Click here for more information!
  3. References are double spaced

If your resource has more than one author, click here.

If your resource is missing an author, date, or title, click here.

Other Sources - Select the type of source you are citing from the tabs below

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